Abundance and biomass of phytoplankton in the Black Sea near Gelendzhik in 2002-2005
2019-11-24T01:20:52Z (GMT) by
It is shown that in 2002-2005 mass development of coccolithofore Emiliania huxleyi on the Gelendzhik shelf (northeast Black Sea) occurred annually and in May-June its abundance reached 1500000 cells/l. In 2004-2005 bloom of E. huxleyi was accompanied by mass development of diatom alga Chaetoceros subtilis var. abnormis f. simplex (600000-900000 cells/l). For the first time it was registered as a dominating form of Black Sea phytoplankton. Small flagellates and picoplankton algae played a noticeable role in phytoplankton throughout the entire period of the studies. Meanwhile in the early summer period the bulk of biomass consisted of coccolithophores (50-60%), while in the late summer period diatomaceous algae dominated (50-70%). Among ecological factors that favor coccolithophore development one may note microstratification of the upper mixed layer at a high illumination level and high temperature in surface waters (18-21°C). Terrigenous runoff during the rainy period had a negative effect on E. huxleyi development, while storms dispersed the population over the upper mixed layer. A wind-induced near-shore upwelling stimulated development of diatoms.