Organic petrography and extractable hydrocarbons of sediments at DSDP Leg 58 Holes

The quantity, type, and maturity of organic matter of Quaternary and Tertiary sediments from the Philippine Sea (DSDP Leg 58; Sites 442-446) were determined. Hydrocarbons in lipid extracts were analyzed by capillary-column gas chromatography. Kerogen concentrates were investigated by microscopy for vitrinite reflectance values and maceral composition. In the Shikoku Basin sediments (Sites 442, 443, and 444), organic carbon values range between 0.03 and 0.44 per cent. The higher values in the younger sediments are interpreted as an indication of increasing deposition of eroded organic particles during the past 4 m.y. Microscopic analyses revealed a dominance of reworked organic matter. Primary material could not be distinguished readily; thus, no maturation trend could be established. Extract yields were low. TV-alkane distributions mostly show maxima at n-C29 and n-C31 and high odd-over-even predominances, typical of material which originated in terrigenous higher plants. The organic-carbon values of sediments of the Daito Ridge and Basin region (Sites 444 and 445) range from less than 0.01 to 0.05 per cent. TV-alkanes exhibit varying marine and terrigenous influences. Some carbonate-rich samples show a pronounced even-over-odd predominance. At least the older sediments contained less recycled organic matter than the Shikoku Basin samples. The maturity, where measurable, was low. None of the Philippine Sea samples indicates a significant hydrocarbon-generation potential.

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