Phytoplankton fluxes and biomass in the White Sea in 2007 and 2008

Vertical fluxes of phytoplankton (VF_phyto) and particulate organic carbon (VF_POC) in the White Sea were determined using seven long-term (292 to 296 days) sediment traps moored at five stations at depths 67 to 255 m. Annual VF_phyto and VF_POC ranged from 0.55 to 24.64 g C/m**2 and from 3.7 to 93.9 g C/m**2, respectively. The highest VF_phyto was observed in the Basin region located close to the Gorlo along the Tersk coast. Algal biomass accounted for 15-43% of VF_pOC. Diatoms comprised the most important group accounting for 83-100% in sinking biomass. Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii dominated in VF_phyto at all trap stations except for one in the Basin close to the Onega Bay, where Ditylum brightwellii was the most abundant.



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